Conflict on the Compass Rose: Anglo-Portuguese Cooperation and Competition in Africa Michael Darpino

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Published: November 26th 2013

Kindle Edition

29 pages


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Conflict on the Compass Rose: Anglo-Portuguese Cooperation and Competition in Africa  by  Michael Darpino

Conflict on the Compass Rose: Anglo-Portuguese Cooperation and Competition in Africa by Michael Darpino
November 26th 2013 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 29 pages | ISBN: | 9.19 Mb

During the final decades of the 19th Century- as the European powers vied for imperial positions in Africa and King Leopold of Belgium surreptitiously shored up his dominion over the vast Congo region- England and Portugal were each pursuing theirMoreDuring the final decades of the 19th Century- as the European powers vied for imperial positions in Africa and King Leopold of Belgium surreptitiously shored up his dominion over the vast Congo region- England and Portugal were each pursuing their own grand plans for the continent which put them on a path to inevitable conflict.

The result: Portugals humiliating capitulation to The British Ultimatum of 1890 that effectively crushed the small nations dream of a renewed empire in Africa and ultimately resulted in the end of the Portuguese monarchy.Conflict on the Compass Rose is a well-researched, historical essay providing new perspective on this frequently over-looked clash of imperial ambition between England and Portugal during the infamous scramble for Africa.This essay explores how the relationship between England and Portugal rapidly deteriorated from one of alliance (attempting to negotiate a treaty together to exclude other European powers from Southern Africa) to one of diplomatic hostility and aggressive competition, as England attempted to build a north-to-south empire alongside Cecil Rhodes ambitious plan for a Cape-to-Cairo Railway while Portugal pursued an east-to-west connection between Angola and Mozambique.This essay demonstrates how strong personalities (Cecil Rhodes, Harry Johnston, PM Gladstone, PM Salisbury, and PM Disraeli), the vacillating nature of Victorian Diplomacy, the rules set by the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 for the African scramble, and Portugals loss of their Brazilian empire all contributed to this fascinating tale of cooperation and competition in Africa.



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